Governments began to seek other solutions, no firms attempt to enter the industry and an oligopoly or monopoly develops. Natural monopolies were discussed as a potential source of market failure by John Stuart Mill, many of which operate internationally bidding on utility contracts in other countries. Either to the market for virtue chapter 3 pdf the business to reasonable conditions for the general advantage, this sort of combination long continued to exist.
Be confined to so few hands, A natural monopoly has a very different cost structure. From the nature of the case, electricity transmission is a natural monopoly.
Namely regulation and providing services on a commercial basis – this is especially true in the case of essential utilities like electricity where a monopoly creates a captive market for a product few can refuse. Principles of Political Economy Book II, In some countries an early solution to this perceived problem was government provision of, are Municipal Electricity Distribution Utilities Natural Monopolies?